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edith wharton education

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In 1885 huwde ze de twaalf jaar oudere bankier ‘Teddy’ Wharton, zonder het geluk te vinden. Its world premiere was a radio adaptation broadcast on BBC Radio 3 in 2018. Wharton agreed to pay $80,000 for the property, and spent thousands more to alter the home's facade, decorate the interior, and landscape the grounds. Edith Wharton, geboren Edith Newbold Jones (New York, 24 januari 1862 - Saint-Brice-sous-Forêt, 11 augustus 1937) was een Amerikaans schrijfster en architectonisch ontwerpster. [2] She was baptized April 20, 1862, Easter Sunday, at Grace Church.

Wharton was preparing to vacation for the summer when World War I broke out. The Whartons purchased their New York home, 884 Park Avenue, in 1897. She eventually crossed the Atlantic 60 times. Reader's Almanac: A Controversial Pulitzer Prize Brings Edith Wharton and Sinclair Lewis Together. [37], In 1901, Wharton wrote a two-act play called Man of Genius. Corrections? [69], A key recurring theme in Wharton's writing is the relationship between the house as a physical space and its relationship to its inhabitant's characteristics and emotions.

[14] Wharton began writing poetry and fiction as a young girl, and attempted to write her first novel at age eleven. Edith wanted more education than she received, so she read from her father's library and from the libraries of her father's friends. In the view of Judith E. Funston, writing on Edith Wharton in American National Biography, What is most notable about A Backward Glance, however, is what it does not tell: her criticism of Lucretia Jones [her mother], her difficulties with Teddy, and her affair with Morton Fullerton, which did not come to light until her papers, deposited in Yale's Beinecke Rare Book Room and Manuscript Library, were opened in 1968. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1996. [26], Wharton's mother, Lucretia Stevens Rhinelander, moved back to Paris in 1883 and lived there until her death in 1901.

In 1937 stierf ze aan een beroerte en werd begraven op het kerkhof van Versailles. After four years of intense effort, she decided to leave Paris in favor of the peace and quiet of the countryside.

She spoke fluent French, Italian, and German, and many of her books were published in both French and English.

[2][3] To her friends and family she was known as "Pussy Jones. Her autobiography, A Backward Glance, appeared in 1934. In 1915 Wharton edited The Book of the Homeless, which included essays, art, poetry, and musical scores by many major contemporary European and American artists, including Henry James, Joseph Conrad, William Dean Howells, Anna de Noailles, Jean Cocteau, and Walter Gay, among others. Retrieved 22 January cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}. This story is believed to be based on an experience she had as a child.

During those same years, Wharton herself was said to suffer from bouts of depression and health issues with asthma.[33]. The trip cost the Whartons $10,000 and lasted four months. At her bedside was her friend, Mrs. Royall Tyler. Vanaf die tijd reisde ze veel, werkte tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog als journaliste en hield in de jaren daarna veelvuldig ‘salon’ in Parijs, waar ze vriendschap sloot met literaire grootheden als F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway en Henry James. Another 1901 play, The Shadow of a Doubt, which also came close to being staged but fell through, was thought to be lost, until it was discovered in 2017. [31] They traveled abroad from February to June between 1886 and 1897–mostly to Italy, but also to Paris and England. At the time, Wharton described the main house as "incurably ugly." By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She rejected the standards of fashion and etiquette that were expected of young girls at the time, which were intended to allow women to marry well and to be put on display at balls and parties. Wharton was a committed supporter of French imperialism, describing herself as a "rabid imperialist", and the war solidified her political views. Web. Finding aid to Iola S. Haverstick collection of Edith Wharton materials at Columbia University. "The Lamp of Psyche" was a comical story with verbal wit and sorrow. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Although she had had a book of her own poems privately printed when she was 16, it was not until after several years of married life that Wharton began to write in earnest. She was a "heroic worker on behalf of her adopted country". "Edith Wharton, A Writing Life: Childhood." In 1913 scheidde ze uiteindelijk ook van Wharton. She wrote, "We woke to a noise of guns closer and more incessant ... and when we went out into the streets it seemed as if, overnight, a new army had sprung out of the ground". The Joy of Living was criticized for its title because the heroine swallows poison at the end, and was a short-lived Broadway production. Omissions? Anna Catherine Bahlmann Papers Relating to Edith Wharton. [45] She collected more than $100,000 on their behalf. [71] Wharton's mother forbade her from reading many novels and Wharton said she "read everything else but novels until the day of my marriage." [73] These influenced her ethnographic style of novelization. American novelist, short story writer, designer, sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFLewis1975 (, New York, New York, Marriage Index 1866-1937, U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704–1930. In 1921, she became the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in Literature, for her novel The Age of Innocence. Edith Jones came of a distinguished and long-established New York family. In 1897, Edith Wharton purchased Land's End in Newport, Rhode Island, from Robert Livingston Beeckman, a former U.S. Open Tennis Championship runner-up who became governor of Rhode Island. [72] Biographer Hermione Lee describes Wharton as having read herself "out of Old New York" and her influences included Herbert Spencer, Charles Darwin, Friedrich Nietzsche, T. H. Huxley, George Romanes, James Frazer, and Thorstein Veblen. [27] They then bought and moved to Land's End on the other side of Newport in 1893 for $80,000. [22] Wharton began a courtship with Henry Leyden Stevens, the son of a wealthy businessman. [17] Wharton published a poem under a pseudonym in the New York World in 1879. [24] The month the two were to marry, the engagement abruptly ended. 2015. , Armitage, Robert. Na 1920 werd het werk van Wharton meer satirisch van aard. "Mrs. Manstey's View" had very little success, and it took her more than a year to publish another story. It was not until Wharton was 29 that her first short story was published. [15] Her mother's criticism quashed her ambition and she turned to poetry. "[4] She had two older brothers, Frederic Rhinelander, 16 years older, and Henry Edward, 12 years older. One of the first causes she undertook in August 1914 was the opening of a workroom for unemployed women; here they were fed and paid one franc a day.

The Age of Innocence presents a picture of upper-class New York society in the 1870s. To her friends and family she was known as "Pussy Jones."

"Edith Wharton on Film and Television" (PDF). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [70] Wharton's writing also explored themes of “social mores and social reform” as they relate to the “extremes and anxieties of the Gilded Age”. [8] She had a lifelong friendship with her niece, the landscape architect Beatrix Farrand of Reef Point in Bar Harbor, Maine.

Her family did not want her name to appear in print since writing was not considered a proper occupation for a society woman of her time. Burlingame wrote back that it was too long for Scribner's to publish.

This story, along with many others, speaks about her marriage. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 29 dec 2019 om 18:13. Library of America, 28 June 2011. [21] Wharton officially came out as a debutante to society in 1879.

Henry's father was Paran Stevens, a hotelier and real estate investor from rural New Hampshire., Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. [11] During her travels, the young Edith became fluent in French, German, and Italian. In feite zette haar eigen leven haar aan tot schrijven. 11 Mar. Retrieved 22 January 2018. Their friend Egerton Winthrop accompanied them on many journeys in Italy. She made her debut in society in 1879 and married Edward Wharton, a wealthy Boston banker, in 1885. In her manual The Writing of Fiction (1925) she acknowledged her debt to Henry James. [2], Wharton's paternal family, the Joneses, were a very wealthy and socially prominent family having made their money in real estate. Na drie jaar liep de relatie echter stuk. [24] Wharton and her mother returned to the United States and Wharton continued her courtship with Stevens, announcing their engagement in August 1882. [18] In 1880 she had five poems published anonymously in the Atlantic Monthly, an important literary magazine. [23] Wharton's family did not approve of Stevens. [74], Source: Campbell, Donna M. "Works by Edith Wharton".

She started "travel writing" in 1894.

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