In the medieval period they did not have cranes, trucks to carry materials with, diggers etc.
What were the different parts of a Castle? To answer that question we need to go back to 1066 when William the Conqueror led the Norman invasion of England. They were built to provide safety and protection from attack and to display the owner's rank and wealth. Almost all castles in my country, Ghana, were built near bodies of water. That should be an interesting question as we know now that castles are not a British innovation. Castles exert a powerful hold on our imagination. Such defensive structures were slower to develop in Europe until hill forts appeared and began to spread across the landscape. Ask anyone to visualize the Middle Ages and, almost inevitably, they will come up with the image of a castle. Other castles were built by invaders to stamp their authority, such as the motte and bailey castles built after the Norman Conquest.
However, they had the challenge of protecting their holdings from attacks by the Moors from the south, the Vikings from the north and west, and most importantly, by their neighboring local lords who wanted to expand their own territories (and power). Where were Castles built and why? Here is a picture of a tread wheel crane.
At other times castles were built to defend against foreign invaders, like Henry VIII’s coastal forts, or later as homes. What is the biggest castle in England? All up, more than 1500 castles were built in England alone during the next 5 centuries.
These castles were used to guard against rebellion and control the surrounding area. Besides that, the local lords also needed to establish administrative centers to control the land and demonstrate their military power. They formed a center of administration, providing the noble with a place to hold court, to centralize administrative activities and a place to host visiting dignitaries. Why were Castles built? instead they used 2 tread wheel cranes so when they ran or walked on them it would lift the heavy rocks to the top of the building using rope attached to the material you are lifting.
The Carolingian Empire only lasted for about 90 years, and once it fell the vast land holdings of the empire were divided among members of the aristocracy, including local nobles and princes. original castles were built out of earth and wood an later they began using limestone and sandstone from local areas.
Motte-and-Bailey Castles, the original Castle design, Evolution in Castle design: Stone Castles, Top 10 most magnificent castles in Belgium, Top 20 most beautiful castles in the World, a fortress, which was not always a residence for a noble or lord, a fortified settlement, which was a public defense, a palace or a country house, which was not fortified.
A European innovation, a castle is considered to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. Although there is a considerable debate on the original purpose of castles, it is generally agreed that these nobles started building castles for 3 primary reasons: Castles provided protection to local inhabitants against enemy raids in the surrounding area. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Chepstow Castle, one of the first stone castles built in the UK. Most of the castles developed over time. These massive buildings had thick, high walls with battlements. Why were Medieval castles built on hills? Castles were built for giving protection from invading armies. Norman Barons and their soldiers also used castles as a base in wich they could control the local area. Hills are fine, but this one would be toast in no time! All these reasons are for defensive reasons but sometimes people may want to build their castle to show their power, richness, responsibility etc. Each castle was given to a noble who was sympathetic to William, and in return for his loyalty, the lord could keep the castle which helped secure his power over the local lands. Although primarily designed to offer protection and control nearby land, not all the elements of castle architecture were military in nature. What were the weapons used in an attack and what did they do. Why were castles built If you have been to famous castles like the “Bran Castle” in Romania or the “Edinburgh Castle” in Scotland, then you might have wondered at one point or the other about the reasons behind the massive constructions. Bodiam Castle . And that's where the concept of a castle was born. The buildings contained within the castle walls were often multi-functional in design, and able to serve different purposes depending on need. Consequently, the castle's appearance and size tended to reflect the prestige and power of its owner. Why were castles built? We will get to that in a few moments... First, let’s jump back to a time when castles first started to appear across medieval Europe. This became known as the Carolingian Empire and it was the first great empire established in Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire sometime during the 5th Century AD. What were the different parts of a Castle? Few armies would be eager to attack either castle. All up, more than 1500 castles were built in England alone during the next 5 centuries. The foreigners: - came to the country by sea. Moreover, castles were also used effectively as a base to launch offensive raids into enemy territory. Castles were built by kings and lords in the Middle Ages to defend their lands.
From the 12th century on, royal authority was strengthened and castles could only be constructed if a "License to crenellate" was granted by the King. Enter your email address to follow this website and receive notifications of new posts by email. At the beginning of the 9th century, Charles the Great (also known as Charlemagne) founded a vast empire across western and central Europe. It was the Romans that were most famous for their formidable defensive structures, which included coastal forts, flanking round towers and fortified towns. The Castles became the focus for local trade in the area which the barons… People had to bring as much as possible because if they brought too less they would not have enough materials to start building with. Arundel Castle . Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Castles were built because they were needed to keep peace in the area and to protect the barons and lords of rebellion. They embody the romantic ideal of chivalry, of epic battles, of loyalty and personal sacrifice to crown and country. Castles were often built on hilltops or surrounded by water to make them easier to defend. What were the weapons used in an attack and what did they do? Despite that, Britain and Ireland have some of the most impressive castles in the world. Many castles were also used to control important nearby resources such as travel routes, mills, fertile land, and water sources. The Castles became the focus for local trade in the area which the barons and lords could then tax.They were also intended to keep out enemies and to keep people, horses and treasures safe. Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of residence. As a result, many primitive motte-and-bailey castles became the foundations for more impressive stone castles built on top of them. Next, let's take a look at the Motte-and-Bailey Castles, the first ever type of castle. As William advanced through England, he needed to fortify key positions to secure the land he had taken. The castle was the primary residence for the local lord's army and was, therefore, a difficult target for raiders. How did Castle building change during the middle ages? The coast was the first place they found and they settled there. As time passed, castle design evolved from the primitive motte-and-bailey castles to the formidable concentric castles which constituted the high point in medieval military architecture; and with that development came better defensive and offensive capability.
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